Home Uncategorized Robots in the Food Industry — Pros and Cons

Robots in the Food Industry — Pros and Cons


by S. Artigues, A. Baldwin, C. Bell, B. Akalin, J. Biton, M. Camus, and E. Burgess


Robots have been widely introduced in many industries, including the food industry. Robots are both good and bad for an economy for various reasons: they produce more output, but take jobs from actual humans

We are using different types of robots for the food industry. The one we mostly see is all of the vending machines that now can make pizza, milkshakes, hamburgers, ice cream, and more. Also, we are utilizing robots for packaging, labeling, and assembling frozen food.  We are using more robots than ever before; instead of using workers.


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The cost of using them is, in the beginning, really high, but as time passes it gets cheaper than having a lot of workers. By using robots instead of workers, you have to pay a high one-time fee instead of a small monthly wage. In the long run, the one-time fee is cheaper than the monthly fee, while the production is higher. For some robots, like vending machines, you also have to pay a rental fee. You have to put that vending machine in a place that attracts a lot of customers, and that usually has a high cost.


There are also some savings from using robots. The savings are the exchange of using robots instead of workers because, in the long run, a high fee is cheaper than monthly wages. Also, instead of having a person in a small booth at a mall selling your product, you can now just install a vending machine that pays rent, like the booth, but not a worker.

  • The leading advanced nations regarding the use of robots in this industry such as South Korea, Singapore, and Germany thrive in the number of robots used for each worker they have. They have Sweden, Japan and Denmark right behind them, according to “ITIF” who uses 2017 figures from the International Federation of Robotics.

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Jobs that are being displaced by robots in the food industry are mainly ones in factories. With robots and machines, production lines are much faster than with humans, therefore allowing companies to produce large amounts in a short period of time which allows the product to be shipped to the stores so it can be sold. Which means the company is overall going to be making more money faster. When it comes to adapting to these robots it is a little hard for people to adapt at first due to the fact that these robots are taking their jobs.  However, because of these robots it is also making their jobs easier and more efficient.

The long term ramifications of of robots displacing humans in the food industry is as people start to lose their jobs and the economy will most definitely be affected by the lack of jobs that are available to people. With the lack of jobs the unemployment rate will increase and the amount of money that customers are willing to spend on products will decrease .  However, because food is essential for survival there will still be people buying products from the food industry.

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With robots taking over jobs education institutions need to start educating children at a young age about these technologies and educate students on all the machines and robots that are used and how they work. With the lack of education on the technology behind these things it makes it harder for graduates to go into the work force and compete with the machines and robots. Another huge thing is the overall education system in the country, perhaps only the best educated people can compete with robots and machines.  But sadly if the education that students are receiving is not good then there will be no way for them to compete with robots.


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The end-game is yes robots and machines are taking over jobs in the food industry and with that comes a lot of negatives but also a plethora of positives. Although jobs will be lost robots will make workers lives and production and distribution so much easier. The education system needs to start educating children at a young age not only so they can compete with these robots but also understand and work with them.