by Isabelle Varon, Nicholas Varela, Olivia Verheyen, Alejandro Villareal, Kennedi Ware, Cameron Vidrine, Tatiana Wallace and Gabriel Velazquez
According to “Automated Journalism” by Andreas Grafe, the four major countries leading the way, using robots to publish a myriad of different articles, are Germany, United States, United Kingdom, and China. Russia is not far behind and it can be assumed that within the next few years they will be heavily relying on Artificial Intelligence (AI) in publishing.
In early 2019, The Guardian newspaper published an article about politics in Australia. It was authored by an automated news system known as Reportermate. This Artificial intelligence system quickly analyzes a large set of data and produces articles and essays. Reportermate can take on the routine monotonous work, thereby freeing up the time of people, which will allow them to engage in more creative tasks but at the same time eliminating jobs from the market.
When you think of the writer or publisher of the book you’re reading, and the assumption is that it is always a person, but what if a machine did it all? That’s right, people are being kicked out of the writing business. For example, a publishing company called Springer Nature Publishing released a book on chemistry in May 2019 that was completely machine-generated. The purpose of the robot books is to prove the advancement of technology and to solve the problem of overload inefficiency.
One large issue is the speed of the publishing process but with new technology, the publishing process can be done in half the time! An example of a robot that you could buy yourself that is used in publishing is one by the name Pepper. Pepper costs $1600 and can make sense out of complex sentences, learn its own environment, and interact with humans. Of course, the $1600 does not include maintenance fees, but Pepper is still much cheaper than a human publisher, which generally makes $25,000 to $150,000 a year. So the question is, should publishing companies stick to their expensive yet reliable humans, or should they make the change to sturdy and immune robots?
According to Business Wire, robotics in the publishing industry is estimated to grow more than fifteen percent between 2017 and 2021. One reason for this is because robots are writing, publishing, and drafting articles in seconds. Jobs like this usually take humans days at the least. An example of this is the Norwegian News Agency using artificial intelligence(AI) to match reports in thirty seconds. Many publishing companies also use AI for trend spotting. Using analytics tools, publishing companies are able to go through trending content more quickly and efficiently.
Robots are machines that have both pros and cons when it comes to working in the business industry. They have helped and hurt human workers once they have been created. The way robots have helped human workers is that they have the ability to work faster, longer, and more efficiently. They have taken jobs that are difficult for humans. On the other hand, they have hurt the human workers in the industry by replacing humans with robots, increasing unemployment and human work displacement.
There are many long term effects that robots will bring to your world. One of the main effects that robots will cause is the lack of jobs in the world. As these companies turn to robots for labor they will slowly get rid of actual workers. This will lead to fewer jobs in the future. Robots are machines which will work 24 hours a day 7 days a week, making it more efficient for companies to use them.
According to Niccols and Dimes humans are adapting to the fact that robots are taking all of their jobs. Since the robots are helping to gain more money in the publishing industry instead of losing the owners of these companies are ecstatic. The humans who have been basically working these jobs for years are not happy that they are being replaced by robots.
Educational institutions should encourage activities that the students can engage in that can expand their creativity and thinking. Educational institutions should also include team-building exercises so students can be better prepared in the work environment and have business world problems so students are able to think critically and be able to problem-solve and have everything under their control.
In the end, many people will most likely lose their jobs due to AI. Individuals will have to make career changes and seek jobs in which AI cannot compete. It is possible that with the increase of robots in the labor force, there will be more people unemployed as there is less work to be done. Stuart Russell, a computer scientist at UC Berkeley and author of a book, “Human Compatible: Artificial Intelligence and the Problem of Control” says, “One rapidly emerging picture is that of an economy where far fewer people work because work is unnecessary.” More robots entering the labor force gives humans more time on their hands.
Recently there has been a huge decline in publishing companies. So to save money publishing companies have started replacing workers with robots. According to Niccols and Dimes, all the websites that sell e-books are using these robots to quickly give these customers their books. For example, Amazon, Ebay, and Barnes and Nobles all use robots to quickly provide customers with books immediately. These robots are not only being used to help produce e-book they are being used to help print the books quicker than a human would. So book lovers are also buying the products, and one who may want to publish a book is buying the services. According to the Bureau Labor of Statistics, more and more publishing professionals are losing their job as a result of an increasing decline in publishing.
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● By. “The Robots Are Writing: Will Machine-Generated Books Accelerate Our Consumption of Scholarly Literature?” The Scholarly Kitchen, 24 June 2019, https://scholarlykitchen.sspnet.org/2019/06/25/the-robots-are-writing-will-machine-gener ated-books-accelerate-our-consumption-of-scholarly-literature/.
● Moore-Colyer, Roland, and Roland Moore-Colyer. “Top 5 Robots You Can Actually Buy: TheINQUIRER.” Http://Www.theinquirer.net, 1 June 2016, https://www.theinquirer.net/inquirer/feature/2459949/top-5-robots-you-can-actually-buy/ page/5.
● Radcliffe, Damian, et al. “Seven Ways Robots Are Being Used by Publishers and Newsrooms: What’s New in Publishing: Digital Publishing News.” What’s New in Publishing | Digital Publishing News, 28 May 2019, https://whatsnewinpublishing.com/seven-ways-robots-are-being-used-by-publishers-andnewsrooms.
● “Global Robotics Market in Paper, Printing, and Publishing Industry 2017-2021 – Emergence of Collaborative Robots / Incorporation of Vision Technology / Development of Next-Generation Robots – Research and Markets.” Global Robotics Market in Paper, Printing, and Publishing Industry 2017-2021 – Emergence of Collaborative Robots / Incorporation of Vision Technology / Development of Next-Generation Robots – Research and Markets | Business Wire, 4 Jan. 2018, https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20180104005791/en/Global-Robotics-Market -Paper-Printing-Publishing-Industry.
● Heick, Terry. “How To Prepare Students For 21st Century Survival.” TeachThought, 17 Mar. 2019, https://www.teachthought.com/the-future-of-learning/how-to-prepare-student-for-21st-ce ntury-survival/.
* https://medium.com/the-walkley-magazine/reportermate-is-now-available-as-a-command -line-tool-1eb0f19c49ec
● https://niccollsanddimes.com/2015/06/29/robot-reviews-robots-in-writing-and-publishin g/.